It doesn’t matter if you are a teacher or a parent, targeted instruction begins with proper assessments that tell you where the break-down is happening. So, if you are a teacher start here and if you are a parent ASK for these assessments or ones like them. Without a starting point intervention will not be successful.
The below assessment is called the PAST. The PAST is given to target where the break-down is. You can learn more about it here:
Another test that will help determine where to start is the D.S.A
More information here:
The more information the better! If a student is not progressing in the classroom they should be given at the very least these two assessments, or something like them to target instruction.
Here is the way we progress though these skills:
If you are missing something, you will not move forward. If there are gaps, they must be filled BEFORE instruction on-level can occur.
If dyslexia is suspected then there are two other assessments that can be given by the classroom teacher:
Quick Alphabetic recall:
Have the student write their alphabet quickly while saying each letter as they write it down in order neatly. Students should be able to do this in 30 seconds or less without looping back. They have 2 minutes to complete the task. If the student keeps looping back, incorrectly writing the letters out of order or cannot get through the task in 2 minutes it is a big red flag.
ALL of this can be done by the general education teacher!